The next month, he met with Lincoln, telling the president that he had an “extreme desire to serve in a subordinate capacity, and in no event to be left in a superior command.” Despite his wishes, Sherman was given second command of the Army of the Cumberland in Kentucky, where he fell into increasing levels of depression and nearly quit. 28 Aug. became 2nd in command in Ky. under Robert Anderson, took over command on 8 Oct. Two such races cannot live in harmony save as master and slave.”, And though he was fighting for the Union, Sherman also declined to employ black troops in his armies. We heard of men earning fifty, five hundred, and thousands of dollars per day.”. Who Was William Tecumseh Sherman? After missing out on combat in the Mexican American War and enduring a series of lackluster assignments, Sherman left the military in 1853 to run a San Francisco bank. Once back in good spirits, Sherman was assigned to Cairo, Illinois, where he served as the logistical coordinator for someone who would become his military confidante and good friend: Ulysses S. Grant. Colonel William Gates commanded the post and regiment, with First-Lieutenant William Austine as his adjutant. The couple later had eight children, two of whom died from sickness while Sherman was serving in the Civil War. Sherman was 30 and Ellen (whose real name was Eleanor) was 25. Sherman was left humiliated, in part because many military friends—including future Civil War generals Braxton Bragg and George Thomas—had entrusted money to him. The sweeping agreement enraged U.S. Secretary of War Edwin Stanton, who rejected it out of hand and criticized Sherman for giving up “all the advantages we had gained from the war.” Joseph Johnston was forced to surrender under more conventional terms, but he went on to become a good friend to Sherman, and even served as a pallbearer at his old adversary’s funeral in 1891. The plan meant the Confederates could only speculate about where Sherman and his 60,000-strong rampaging army were headed, but it also left the Union high command in the dark about the mission’s progress. Sherman, who didn’t receive word of the specifics to any other terms of surrender, wrote his own for Johnston to agree upon, which included providing Confederates citizenship and property rights so long as they laid down their arms and returned home peacefully. In September of that same year his army captured Atlanta before embarking on its March to the Sea, from Atlanta to Savannah, in November. Everybody was talking of ‘Gold! Lewis says that the Ewings would have a priest visit monthly and teach the children. He then went on a fact-finding mission with Mason to determine whether there was more gold in California, where he said, “Stories reached us of fabulous discoveries, and spread throughout the land. Here are some fascinating facts about William Tecumseh Sherman. Of the dangerous campaign, Sherman wrote to his superiors, saying, “I am going into the very bowels of the Confederacy, and will leave a trail that will be recognized fifty years hence.”, In fact, he was prejudiced: In 1860, he wrote, “All the Congresses on earth can’t make the negro anything else than what he is; he must be subject to the white man, or he must amalgamate or be destroyed. In July 1861, Sherman fought in the disastrous First Battle of Bull Run, where the Union troops were badly beaten. I’ve been through two wars and I know. 2. After the death of John A. Rawlins, Sherman also served for one month as interim Secretary of War. “Do not conclude,” he wrote, “that I exaggerate the facts. William Tecumseh Sherman "With my opinion of negroes and my experience, yea prejudice, I cannot trust them yet ... with arms in positions of danger.”. He became manager of Lucas, Turner & Co., the San Francisco branch of a St. Louis-based bank. He tried picking up again as a manager at a Lucas, Turner & Co. bank in New York, but the Panic of 1857 put an end to that. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. A relative later wrote that Sherman’s father always shook off concerns that he had given his son a “savage Indian name” by arguing, “Tecumseh was a great warrior.”. He then tried becoming a lawyer in Kansas until other job opportunities arose. Field, William Churchill, Joseph Stewart, and … Sherman took to the job with characteristic vigor, orchestrating the relocation of the tribes and warning their chiefs, “you cannot stop the locomotive any more than you can stop the sun or the moon, and you must submit.” To help break the natives’ spirit, Sherman took a page from his Civil War playbook and set his sights on destroying one of their primary resources: the buffalo. Here are some fascinating facts about William Tecumseh Sherman. Birthday: February 8, 1820 Birth Name: William Tecumseh Sherman. Despite failing in his career as a banker, Sherman was directly involved in the expansion of the California Gold Rush. Thomas Ewing, Secretary of the Interior. William Tecumseh Sherman invaded Georgia from the north. Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you. Historians have since speculated that he was suffering from depression or nervous exhaustion, but whatever its cause, the general’s bizarre behavior eventually found its way into the papers, some of which labeled him insane. The son of Charles R. Sherman, a member of the Ohio Supreme Court, he was one of eleven children. His father, Charles Robert Sherman was a successful lawyer who sat on the Ohio Supreme Court. William Tecumseh Sherman (February 8, 1820 – February 14, 1891) was an American soldier, businessman, educator, and author.Before the Civil War, he fought in the Mexican-American War and was the head of Louisiana State University.He served as a General in the Union Army during the American Civil War (1861–65). When Grant became U.S. president in 1869, Sherman replaced him as general in chief, a post he held with distinction until he retired from the army in 1883 as a four-star general. When asked about Sherman’s whereabouts, a worried President Lincoln is said to have responded, “We know what hole he went in, but we don’t know what hole he will come out of.” Sherman would finally reappear on December 22, having slashed and burned his way through the heart of Georgia. But one day the priest was told that Sherman “had never really been baptized.” After getting permission from Sherman’s mother, the priest asked for Sherman’s name. 1 William Tecumseh Sherman went for his first part of his life after his middle name. Family friends helped, and Sherman went to live with soon-to-be Ohio Senator Thomas Ewing. Sherman and Johnston went on to become a good friends, and the latter even served as a pallbearer at his former adversary’s funeral in 1891. Two other companies were at the post, viz., Martin Burke's and E. D. Keyes's, and among the officers were T. W. Sherman, Morris Miller, H. B. According to the National Archives, "By the end of the Civil War, roughly 179,000 black men (10 percent of the Union Army) served as soldiers in the U.S. Army and another 19,000 served in the Navy ... Because of prejudice against them, black units were not used in combat as extensively as they might have been. In studies I always held a respectable reputation with the professors, and generally ranked among the best, especially in drawing, chemistry, mathematics, and natural philosophy. His father gave him his unusual middle name as a nod to the Shawnee chief Tecumseh, a magnetic leader who built a confederacy of Ohio Indian tribes and fought with the British during the War of 1812. I’ve seen cities and homes in ashes. Engraving depicting Sherman’s “march to the sea”, Sherman’s March to the Sea was one of the most stunning operations of the Civil War, yet few people outside of Georgia knew anything about it while it was underway. William Tecumseh Sherman, (born February 8, 1820, Lancaster, Ohio, U.S.—died February 14, 1891, New York, New York), American Civil War general and a major architect of modern warfare. While he proved a competent businessman, the move corresponded with the bursting of the Gold Rush bubble, and his branch collapsed in the ensuing financial hysteria. Sherman later helped write a letter Mason sent to Washington relaying their findings, effectively opening up California for prospectors. William Tecumseh Sherman was an American soldier, businessman, educator and author ; He served as a General in the Union Army during the American Civil War (1861–65), for which he received recognition for his outstanding command of military strategy as well as criticism for the harshness of the "scorched earth" policies that he implemented in conducting total war against the Confederate States After the attack on Fort Sumter in South Carolina in April 1861 effectively started the Civil War, Lincoln called for 75,000 volunteers to enlist for a campaign to end the secession. William Tecumseh Sherman was an American soldier who rose to the rank of General during the American Civil war. Sherman’s blunt assessment of his experiences in the Civil War were summed up in a speech he gave to the graduating class of the Michigan Military Academy on June 19, 1879. Slave Auction Business in Atlanta, 1864. Credit: George N. Barnard via Wikimedia (Public Domain). On the 150th anniversary of the fall of the city of Atlanta to the Union Army's Division of the Mississippi during the Civil War, we're launching a new online group of artifacts related to Union Army General William Tecumseh Sherman. During the U.S. Civil War, General William Tecumseh Sherman … He vastly overestimated the size of Confederate forces in the region, griped in his dispatches to President Lincoln and appeared constantly on edge. Though published accounts differ, he allegedly told the cadets, “War is Hell!”, Some cite the speech as saying, “You don’t know the horrible aspects of war. Never an outstanding battle captain, he nevertheless won high honors by his talent for devising sweeping campai… Their friendship and military prowess would be tested at the Battle of Shiloh, where Sherman served under Grant and and dealt the Confederate army a decisive counterattack after they surprised the Union forces in the early morning of April 6, 1862. Sherman was devoted to the Union, but he thought the rising South versus North tensions were unnecessary, and that Lincoln’s attempts to combat the secessionists were insignificantly small. From high highs leading troops during the Civil War, to low lows in his business failures, he remains a controversial figure to this day. !’ until it assumed the character of a fever. After losing his father at the age of 9, Sherman was sent to live with Thomas Ewing, a renowned Ohio attorney and family friend who later served as a senator and the U.S. Secretary of the Treasury. Residing in St. Louis and then New York City, Sherman continued to be active as a speaker and writer. He graduated sixth in his class. William Tecumseh Sherman (known as Cump to his friends) was born in Lancaster, Ohio, on February 8, 1820. A despondent Sherman left the banking world for good in 1858. Following his father's untimely death in 1829, Sherman was sent to live with the family of Thomas Ewing. To help cover their losses, he eventually liquidated some $20,000 worth of his own assets. Left army in 1853 to go into banking. All Rights Reserved. William Tecumseh Sherman (known as “Cump” to his friends) was born in Lancaster, Ohio, on February 8, 1820. Following a long engagement, the two were married in 1850 in a Washington, D.C., ceremony attended by the likes of President Zachary Taylor, Henry Clay and Daniel Webster. He was later placed under the command of General Ulysses S. Grant, and following a crucial victory at April 1862’s Battle of Shiloh, the pair forged a winning partnership that lasted for the remainder of the war. He helped convince military governor Richard Mason to investigate one of the first reported gold discoveries in California after two miners brought half an ounce of placer gold to his office. Sherman and Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston (Credit: Universal History Archive/Getty Images). Explore the best of William T. Sherman Quotes, as voted by our community. The M4 Sherman tank which was the mainstay of the western allies between 1942 and 1945 was named after the famous Civil War General. He was on the scene during a mission that confirmed the existence of rich gold deposits along the Sacramento River, and later penned the letter Mason sent to Washington relaying their findings. William Tecumseh Sherman (1820 - 1891) A True American Achiever One of the most colorful characters of the Civil War was a General named William T. Sherman. The General Sherman Tree located in Sequoia National Park in the "Giant Forest" bears his name and is reputed to be the largest tree in the world. Didn't do too well. This was part of the main reason why Sherman went to be raised by … A William Sherman autograph endorsement signed during the Civil War is worth $800 – $2,500. William Tecumseh Sherman (* 8. Sherman's father died in 1829. Sherman looked at him; then, ‘moved,’ as he put it later, ‘by some wise and sudden instinct’ not to talk about retreat, he said: ‘Well, Grant, we've had the devil's own day, haven't we?’ Grant said ‘Yes,’ and his cigar glowed in the darkness as he gave a quick, hard puff at it, ‘Yes. William Tecumseh Sherman was born February 8, 1820, in Lancaster, OH. Days after Lincoln was assassinated in April 1865, the general met with Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston in Durham, North Carolina to accept the surrender of the Confederate armies that were still fighting in the Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida. Sherman tried to stamp out the speculation once and for all in 1884, when he turned down an invitation to become the Republican candidate by saying, “I will not accept if nominated and will not serve if elected.” His unequivocal response has since become famous in political circles, where similar flat refusals are often dubbed “Shermanesque statements.”. Benton, President [Zachary] Taylor, and all his cabinet.” The newlyweds soon moved to St. Louis, Missouri. Capsule biography; West Point 1840; During Mexican War stationed in California. His willingness to do whatever it took to destroy the South's will to fight helped win the war for the North. William T. Sherman. Sherman’s mother was left to raise 11 children. Sherman continued his harsh policies after becoming commanding general of the army in 1869, and by the 1870s, he had helped force most of the Plains peoples onto reservations. While general, his army burned the cities of Atlanta and Savannah. He graduated sixth in his class, and according to classmates, he was an exceptional student. Sherman and his troops laid siege to Atlanta in late summer and burned much of the city before finally capturing it. When word of the terms made its way to Washington, an immediate backlash ensued. William Tecumseh Sherman seems to be a contradiction—a rough and tough orphan who hated military decorum but who went on to become one of the most important Union generals during the Civil War. He was still tall and erect, with graying reddish hair and furrowed face. He led Union forces in crushing campaigns through the South, marching through Georgia and the Carolinas (1864–65). He left behind no inheritance. Updated for 2021. “I would prefer to have this a white man’s war," he said. Perhaps best known for his 1864 “March to the Sea,” William Tecumseh “Cump” Sherman (1820–1891) was born in Lancaster, Ohio. Some sources say “William” was added later. Sherman took a job as headmaster of a military academy in Louisiana in January 1860 thanks to referrals from two friends, Braxton Bragg and P.G.T. His siblings all enjoyed professional success. After the Civil War, Sherman was given command of the Military Division of the Mississippi and tasked with pacifying the Plains Indians during the building of the transcontinental railroad. (A few years later, when he was considering a job in London, he told his wife, “I suppose I was the Jonah that blew up San Francisco, and it only took two months’ residence in Wall Street to bust up New York, and I think my arrival in London will be the signal of the downfall of that mighty empire.”). 16-year-old Sherman joined the United States Military Academy, and after graduation started his service as Second Lieutenant in the 3rd U.S. When he accepted Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston’s surrender in Durham, North Carolina, in April 1865, Sherman offered very forgiving terms that granted general amnesty to the rebels and even allowed for the Southern states to immediately re-enter the Union upon swearing an oath of allegiance. William T. Sherman (1820–1891). Here are some fascinating facts about William Tecumseh Sherman. His father, unfortunately, died when he was nine years old. Sein Name ist eng verbunden mit der Einnahme Atlantas und dem daran anschließenden Marsch nach Savannah, Georgia, der als Shermans Marsch zum Meer in die amerikanische Geschichte einging. With an unusual middle name received from his father, a prominent lawyer and judge who admired the Shawnee chief Tecumseh, William Tecumseh Sherman was born February 8, 1820, in Lancaster, Ohio. After graduating from West Point, Sherman was assigned to fight in the Second Seminole War, and was primarily stationed in the South. 1. . He was the son of Charles Robert Sherman and Mary Hoyt Sherman. Before leaving Atlanta, Sherman intentionally severed all telegraph links to the North to help shroud his moves in secrecy. William Tecumseh Sherman was a U.S. Civil War Union Army leader known for "Sherman's March," in which he and his troops laid waste to the South. The young Sherman grew close with Ewing’s eldest daughter, Ellen, and they regularly corresponded through letters during his tenure at West Point and his early military career. William Tecumseh Sherman William Tecumseh Sherman (1820-1891), American soldier, was a Union general during the Civil War. He held the job for a year, but he quit and returned to St. Louis after Louisiana seceded from the Union. If people don't like my opinions, it makes little difference as I don't solicit their opinions or votes. His tenure as commanding general was marred by political difficulties, many of which stemmed from disagreements … Despite his reputation for “hard” warfare, Sherman could also be surprisingly—perhaps even naively—generous in victory. His older brother Charles became a federal judge. Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton said Sherman’s leniency threw away “all the advantages we had gained from the war ... afford[ing] Jeff Davis an opportunity to escape with all his money.” Rhode Island Senator William Sprague IV even called for Sherman’s immediate removal from command. In the aftermath of the Battle of Averasboro, William T. Sherman continued his march through the Carolinas, destroying railroads and disrupting supply lines on its way to join Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s army near Petersburg & Richmond. I’ve seen thousands of men lying on the ground, their dead faces looking up at the skies. His father died while William was still a boy and after his father’s death, he was raised by a family friend, attorney Thomas Ewing. And his brother Hoyt was a successfu… FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. Although one of the best students academically he had trouble conforming to the rules of the Academy. ), Citing his lack of experience, he resigned his commission in 1853 and set out to build a career in the private sector. But they didn’t stay long. My average demerits, per annum, were about one hundred and fifty, which reduced my final class standing from four to six.”. His younger brother was John Sherman who later became a United States Senator. Sherman was initially unconvinced, saying, "You might as well attempt to put out the flames of a burning house with a squirt-gun.” But he requested that his brother, Ohio Senator John Sherman, get him a commission as a colonel in the Army. William Tecumseh Sherman was born on February 8th, in 1820. William T. Sherman was … A simple William Sherman autograph letter signed during the Civil War can sell for $2,500 while an excellent one can sell for $10,000, plus or minus, depending on how great the content is. Nevertheless, during the 1870s and 1880s, Washington D.C., movers and shakers often tried—and failed—to convince him to make a run at the presidency. In less than a year, California’s population more than quadrupled after thousands of speculators journeyed west to make their fortune. It is charitable to think so.”, He was relieved of his command on November 8, and was eventually given three weeks’ leave to go back home to Lancaster, Ohio, where Ellen helped treat "that melancholy insanity to which your family is subject.". HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. William Tecumseh Sherman was born in 1820 in Lancaster, Ohio, to Charles Robert Sherman, a successful lawyer. Sherman hadn’t wanted the role, and in short order, the weight of its responsibilities took a toll on his mental health. In 1859 became head of a military school in Alexandria, La. William T. Sherman was a general in the Union Army. A William Sherman autograph can have all different price points. Beginning in the late 1860s, he organized the killing of some 5 million bison in an effort to drive the creatures to the brink of extinction. Download free high quality (4K) pictures and wallpapers with William T. Sherman Quotes. William T. Sherman. I make up my opinions from facts and reasoning, and not to suit any body but myself. His father gave him his unusual middle name as a nod to the Shawnee chief Tecumseh, a magnetic leader who built a confederacy of Ohio Indian tribes and fought with the British during the War of 1812. He died in New York on Feb. 14, 1891. Sherman made no secret of his disdain for politics, once quipping that he would rather spend four years in jail than in the White House. On July 25, 1866, Congress created the rank of General of the Army for Grant and then promoted Sherman to lieutenant general. Some of our soldiers began to desert; citizens were fitting out trains of wagons and pack-mules to go to the mines. (He would eventually become one of the few high-ranking officers during the Civil War who didn’t fight in Mexico. When the Republican National Convention of 1884 tapped him as a serious potential candidate, he sent them a straightforward rejection: “I will not accept if nominated and will not serve if elected.” He died in 1891 of pneumonia. Februar 1820 in Lancaster, Ohio; 14. General Sherman Interesting Facts. Lick 'em tomorrow, though.’", Most of Sherman’s combat reputation comes from his March to the Sea, a month-long campaign, where he was given free rein to use his 60,000 troops to disrupt industry, infrastructure, and civilian property in Georgia deep behind enemy lines as a way to cripple the Confederate economy. A relative later wrote that Shermans father always shook off concerns that he had given his son a savage Indian … Project Assistant Ryan Lintelman brings us three Sherman facts that might surprise you. But Sherman himself wrote in his autobiography that “when I came along, on the 8th of February, 1820 ... my father succeeded in his original purpose, and named me William Tecumseh.” Today, most historians prefer the autobiographical source and agree he was born William Tecumseh, though he did go by his middle name when he was young—family members called him “Cump. Beauregard (who would both eventually serve on the Confederate side, as an officer and a general respectively). Upon reaching the sea, he sent a famous message to Lincoln that read: “I beg to present you as a Christmas gift the city of Savannah.”. It would be better if some man [of] sanguine mind was here, for I am forced to order according to my convictions.”, Journalists covering his movements described that “it was soon whispered about that he was suffering from mental depression,” and that he was “a bundle of nerves all strung to their highest tension.” A December 11, 1861 headline from the Cincinnati Commercial [PDF] read, “General William T. Sherman Insane,” and another paper proclaimed, “General Sherman, who lately commanded in Kentucky, is said to be insane. Coupled with other early discoveries, Sherman and Mason’s fact-finding mission inadvertently set off a wave of gold fever in the United States. Then, as now, neatness in dress and form, with a strict conformity to the rules, were the qualifications required for office, and I suppose I was found not to excel in any of these. Ohio native and Union general William T. Sherman lost the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain in June 1864. William Tecumseh Sherman (February 8, 1820 – February 14, 1891) was an American soldier, businessman, educator, and author. Fellow cadet and eventual Civil War general William Rosecrans remembered Sherman as “one of the brightest and most popular fellows.”, Sherman's recollections of his school performance were quite different: He later wrote in his memoirs that “I was not considered a good soldier, for at no time was I selected for any office, but remained a private throughout the whole four years. Of the long-time-coming occasion, Sherman, in his typical straightforward manner, simply wrote in his memoirs, “I was married to Miss Ellen Boyle Ewing, daughter of the Hon. Sherman was fond of the Ewings’ eldest daughter, Ellen, and frequently corresponded with her while at West Point. While stationed in San Francisco in 1848, Sherman helped convince military governor Richard Mason to investigate one of the first reported gold discoveries in California. Sherman's mother could not take care of all of her children and had several of them adopted into other families. According to a biography [PDF] by Lloyd Lewis, published in 1932, Sherman was given the first name Tecumseh – for the Shawnee chief – at birth and went by that name until he was about 9 or 1 After a relatively long courtship for the time, the pair eventually got married in 1850 while her father was the U.S. Secretary of the Interior. He was concerned that his force wasn’t strong enough to take on the Confederates, and with all the detachments he was sending to protect various areas, his force was weakened even further. February 8, 1820 – February 14, 1891 William Tecumseh Sherman, although not a career military commander before the war, would become one of "the most widely renowned of the Union’s military leaders next to U. S. Grant.” Sherman, one of eleven children, was born into a … Artillery. William Tecumseh Sherman was born on February 8, 1820 in Lancaster, Ohio. The death of Sherman’s father when he was 9 left his mother a poor widow with 11 children. General William T. Sherman Toggle text William Tecumseh Sherman (1820–1891) gained notoriety after his role in the Battle of Shiloh, but he is most famously remembered for his devastating campaign called the “March to the Sea”. Sherman is mostly known for his use of "total war." In 1829, his father, Ohio State Supreme Court justice Charles R. Sherman, died, and his mother, Mary Hoyt Sherman, couldn't support the children. Following a promising performance at July 1861’s First Battle of Bull Run, Sherman was promoted to brigadier general and eventually given command of Union troops in Kentucky and Tennessee. He fought along side General Ulysses S. Grant and was supported by President Abraham Lincoln. William T. Sherman (1820-91) – his brother was US senator. When Grant became president in 1869, Sherman was appointed Commanding General of the United States Army and promoted to General of the Army. “Sherman's Civil War: selected correspondence of William T. Sherman, 1860-1865”, The University of North Carolina Press 27 Copy quote I would make this war as severe as possible, and show no symptoms of tiring till the South begs for mercy. Upon hearing "Tecumseh," Lewis says, the priest proclaimed that “He must be named for a saint,” and because it was the feast of St. William, the child would be baptized William. Nine surprising facts about the powerful general who helped pioneer “scorched earth” military tactics. Surprise you features and deliver them straight to you Quotes, as voted by our community and frequently corresponded her. 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